He belonged to the Milesian school and learned the teachings of his master Thales. He succeeded Thales and became the second master of that school where he counted Anaximenes and arguably, Pythagoras amongst his pupils.
See Article History Thales of Miletus, flourished 6th century bcephilosopher renowned as one of the legendary Seven Wise Menor Sophoi, of antiquity see philosophy, Western: He is remembered primarily for his cosmology based on water as the essence of all matter, with the Earth a flat disk floating on a vast sea.
No writings by Thales survive, and no contemporary sources exist. Thus, his achievements are difficult to assess.
The poet-scholar Callimachus c. He is also said to have used his knowledge of geometry to measure the Egyptian pyramids and to calculate the distance from shore of ships at sea. The poet-philosopher Xenophanes c. Modern scholars believe, however, that he could not possibly have had the knowledge to predict accurately either the locality or the character of an eclipse.
Thus, his feat was apparently isolated and only approximate; Herodotus spoke of his foretelling the year only.
That the eclipse was nearly total and occurred during a crucial battle contributed considerably to his exaggerated reputation as an astronomer. Thales has been credited with the discovery of five geometric theorems: His mathematical achievements are difficult to assess, however, because of the ancient practice of crediting particular discoveries to men with a general reputation for wisdom.
The claim that Thales was the founder of European philosophy rests primarily on Aristotle — bcewho wrote that Thales was the first to suggest a single material substratum for the universe—namely, water, or moisture.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:"Anaximander (c. – c. BC) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher who lived in Miletus, a city of Ionia (in modern-day Turkey). He belonged to the Milesian school and learned the teachings of /5(16).
Born in Miletus, Anaximander was the son of Praxiades. According to tradition, he was a pupil of the Greek philosopher Thales. Anaximander is said to have taken part in the founding of Apollonia on the Black Sea and to have traveled to Sparta.
Anaximander, (born bce, Miletus [now in Turkey]—died bce), Greek philosopher who was the first to develop a cosmology, or systematic philosophical view of the world.
The history of written Greek philosophy starts with Anaximander of Miletus in Asia Minor, a fellow-citizen of Thales. He was the first who dared to write a treatise .
Anaximander, (born bce, Miletus [now in Turkey]—died bce), Greek philosopher who was the first to develop a cosmology, or systematic philosophical view of the world. Anaximander (c.
- B.C.) was an early Pre-Socratic philosopher from the Greek city of Miletus in Ionia (modern-day Turkey). He was a key figure in the Milesian School, as a student of Thales and teacher of Anaximenes and Pythagoras.