What is blue carbon? Blue carbon is the carbon stored in coastal and marine ecosystems. The Blue Carbon Initiative currently focuses on carbon in coastal ecosystems - mangroves, tidal marshes and seagrasses. These ecosystems sequester and store large quantities of blue carbon in both the plants and the sediment below.
Desertification and its Mitigation Ecological Restoration Article shared by: Read this article to learn about desertification and its mitigation.
Desert is a region almost devoid of vegetation due to low rainfall. The desert areas may be arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid featuring well stored sands. Desertification is a process of gradual degradation of productive arid and semi-arid land into biologically unproductive land due to natural or anthropogenic factors.
Deforestation is a major cause of desertification and implies quantitative loss of trees and other vegetation. The reasons for desertification include physical and chemical, biological and socio-economical.
Biological reasons are decrease in vegetation cover, decline in the quantity of Deforestation mitigation in the top layer of soil, reduction in biodiversity and changes in composition and population of animals in the area.
Socio-economic reasons are the changes in socio-economical pattern in terms of changes in water-use and land use pattern, shifting of settlements and abandoning the land after it loses its fertility.
The process of desertification is a continuing process and this is speeded up by explosive population growth and various anthropogenic activities. In ecological terms, desertification is a process of continuous ecosystems degradation — damage to plants and animals and also to geophysical resources such as water and soil.
Desertification begins with the excessive consumption of grasses. Depletion of grasses contributes to erosion of soil and ultimately to desertification. Physical compaction of soil due to movement of livestock, human beings and vehicles is also a source of desertification.
Therefore, desertification process has a potential role in modifying the climate, resources availability and survival of life in general on this planet.
Desertification is an important aspect in eco restoration programmes intended for implementation in deforested or degraded or desert areas. Its mitigation in areas where the process of desertification is progressing well is inevitable in order to restore the area for sustainable development.
A balance in productive land and desert is required to keep the environment and ecology sustainable.
Stopping deforestation and starting afforestation are the immediate steps towards rehabilitating the areas experiencing desertification. Preventive measures are essential for halting the spread of desertification process to other areas. These measures require environmental education on desertification for local communities and their participation in the restoration of the degraded areas.
It is usually not possible to return a decertified area to its pre-decertified state but restorative measures are capable to converting the degraded ecosystem into a new state that can withstand cultural and land use pressures.
Specific measures include developing a resilient vegetation cover of mixed trees, shrubs, scrubs and grass suitable for local conditions and protecting soil against unfavourable conditions.The authors note that deforestation rates are significantly lower on native-occupied lands but that governments often fail to recognize indigenous peoples’ legal claims to their land, thus.
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, plus the sustainable management of forests, and the conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+), is an essential part of the global efforts to mitigate climate change.
FAO supports developing countries in their REDD+. Large-scale forest plantations for climate change mitigation? New frontiers of deforestation and land grabbing in Cambodia Arnim Scheidel1 and Courtney Work2 .
Nov 09, · One of the most studied sectors within which mitigation actions have been proposed internationally has been tropical forests. Emissions from the deforestation and degradation of tropical forests accounts for an estimated % of all global CO2 emissions.
Reforestation and forest preservation carbon offset projects are part of the global warming solution.
|Background||However, we are losing our forests at an incredibly high rate.|
|The Blue Carbon Initiative||Renewable Energy Reforestation and forest preservation carbon offset projects are part of the global warming solution. Moreover, fallen trees decompose and release methane, a heat-trapping gas about 25 times more potent than CO2.|
|Search form||Beth Tellman, MESc 1 Abstract Country-scale studies and statistics of deforestation fail to capture the impact of land use on the watershed scale. The discourse of Forest Transition Theory Mather to explain patterns of deforestation and reforestation in the tropics inadequately addresses spatial patterns of land use vital to understanding hydrologic ecosystem services.|
|Brazil's Success in Reducing Deforestation ()||In addition to identifying these at-risk landscapes, it will also serve to begin an educational dialog with landowners in Shoshone County, enlightening residents and visitors to the risks associated with landslides.|
Avoided deforestation projects are critical because about percent of all global warming is attributed to deforestation, which reduces the Earth’s capacity to absorb carbon dioxide.
The Zero Deforestation campaign, for example, which was launched in by a broad coalition of environmental, indigenous, rubber-tapper, human rights, and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs), played an important role in pushing the federal government to act.