Related to drug dependence: See also drug abuse, drug addiction. Characteristic behavioral and other responses include a compulsion to take the drug on a continuous or periodic basis to experience its psychic effects or to avoid the discomfort of its absence.
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The words dependence and addiction are often used interchangeably, but there are important differences between the two.
In medical terms, dependence specifically refers to a physical condition in which the body has adapted to the presence of a drug.
If an individual with drug dependence stops taking that drug suddenly, that person will experience predictable and measurable symptoms, known as a withdrawal syndrome.
Although dependence is often a part of addiction, non-addictive drugs can also produce dependence in patients.
Prednisone is not known to produce addiction. However, if a patient has taken prednisone for several weeks and then stops suddenly, they are likely to suffer from withdrawal symptoms such as fatigue, Drug dependence, body aches, and joint pain 4.
Dependence is caused by changes in the body as a result of constant exposure to a drug. Drug dependence is a medically treatable condition. The goal is to separate the patient from the drug slowly, instead of suddenly, to allow the body to readjust to normal functioning.
For patients who have developed dependence as a side effect of taking a Drug dependence medication e. They may also substitute dangerous drugs with similar—but safer—drugs to manage dependence.
For example, people detoxing from heroin are often given a longer-acting opioid like methadone or buprenorphine to alleviate withdrawal symptoms and cravings. Detox is a relatively short-term process lasting several days to several weeks that helps drug abusers safely stop taking drugs while avoiding dangerous withdrawal symptoms.
While the detox process is a necessary step towards recovery, detox does little itself to treat addiction in the long term. Research has shown that individuals who do not participate in drug treatment programs after undergoing detox are likely to relapse and end up needing detox again in the future 5.
Just as some drugs that cause dependence are not addictive, there are also highly addictive drugs that do not produce physical withdrawal symptoms. Even after long periods of abuse, psychostimulant drugs, including cocaine and methamphetaminedo not produce pronounced physical withdrawal symptoms like vomiting and shaking, although there can be psychological symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and drug cravings 6.
Despite a lack of visible, measurable physical signs, chronic psychostimulant abusers may indeed be addicted.
In other words, addiction is an uncontrollable or overwhelming need to use a drug, and this compulsion is long-lasting and can return unexpectedly after a period of improvement. Addiction is a psychological condition that describes a compulsion to take a drug or engage in other harmful behaviors.
Individuals can develop addictions to illicit street drugs, prescription medications, and even activities such as gambling. Addictions are persistent, and addicted individuals can relapse into drug use after years of abstaining. Although addiction used to be thought of as a sign of moral weakness, it is now understood by the majority of those in the substance abuse and addiction treatment sphere to be a condition that arises in association with changes in the brain caused by the use of addictive substances.
This is because nearly all addictive drugs either directly or indirectly activate an area of the brain, the nucleus accumbens, that is normally stimulated by naturally rewarding activities important for survival like eating, having sex, or spending time with friends.
To the addicted brain, obtaining and taking drugs can literally feel like a matter of life and death. Addictive drugs stimulate pleasure and motivation pathways in the brain much more strongly than natural rewards. Therefore, repeated exposure to these drugs can fool the brain into prioritizing drug-taking over normal, healthy activities.
The inability to limit or cease substance use. The irresistible urge to continue seeking and taking the drug despite serious negative consequences.
People with an addiction to alcohol, for example, may intend to stop for a quick beer on the way home and yet find themselves still sitting on the barstool hours later at closing time. Likewise, addicted drinkers will not be deterred from drinking even if they are advised by a doctor to stop for health reasons, receive a DUI, or are dismissed from a job.Drug Dependence - Get Help - 24 Hour Placement Nationwide!97%(K).
Drug Dependence: Drug Rehab #[ Drug Dependence ]# Find Out How You Can Start Rehab Today! Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person's brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication.
Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs. When you're addicted, you. With repeated use of heroin, dependence also occurs. Dependence develops when the neurons adapt to the repeated drug exposure and only function normally in the presence of the drug.
Dependence is characterized by the symptoms of tolerance and withdrawal. While it is possible to have a physical dependence without being addicted, addiction is usually right around the corner.
If left untreated, dependence on illicit drugs can be dangerous. You may increase your drug use as your body adapts to the drugs. This can result in overdose or death. Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person's brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication. Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs. When you're addicted, you. Drug Dependence: We Can Help You, Start Rehab Today!
Addiction is marked by a change in behavior caused by the biochemical changes in the brain after continued substance abuse. The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, Inc. (NCADD) provides education, information, help and hope to the public.
It advocates prevention, intervention and treatment through offices in New York and Washington, and a nationwide.