Liberal perspective of a state

In this Unit, we propose to analyse two major perspectives of political philosophy regarding the origin, nature, role, purpose and functions of the State. The State is a highly differentiated, specialised and complex institutional phenomenon.

Liberal perspective of a state

Theory of Liberal State: Definition, Features and Development Article shared by: Meaning and Definition of Liberal State: Whether the theory is liberal or conservative that is not our prime concern, concern is if the state is liberal —to what extent and in which fashion the state adopts liberal methods and processes for the administration and enactment of laws.

How shall we explain the liberal state? The liberal state is, however, one that adopts liberal principles, policies and methods.

Liberal perspective of a state

The idea is still not clear. What are liberal and illiberal principles and policies? It means that to take or adopt a liberal attitude towards the rights, privileges, functions and various other things of the citizens. So, a liberal state denotes a limited government or limited state.

It can also be called a theory of limited state introduced by a number of thinkers.

What is the Liberal and Marxist perspectives of the State

The term limited state may be confusing. It exactly means limited functions and role of the state or non-intervention of state. The concept of liberal state can also be explained from another standpoint. It has been maintained by a recent critic that all strands of liberal era confer certain rights and privileges upon persons and these must be protected at any cost.

So a liberal state is one which gives priority to the cause of the individuals. The liberal state is, thus, opposite to conservative, authoritarian and totalitarian state. The dictionary meaning of liberal is—respectful and accepting of behaviour or opinions, different from others.

A state is liberal when it acknowledges the opinions, attitudes and behaviour of individuals and does not think these as a threat to the existence and administration of state.

Liberalism - Wikipedia

There are differences among the political philosophers and political scientists as to the functions of liberal state, but there is a common strand among them all—and it is that individuals must have maximum freedom so that their free development does not receive any setback due to state policy or action.

Features of the Liberal State: A liberal state can easily be distinguished from an authoritarian or totalitarian state and this is because of certain unique features of such a state: A liberal state always adopts a liberal attitude towards the rights of citizens.

If any inequality or discrimination is to be followed that must be for the general interest of the body politic and to the least disadvantage of anybody. By resorting to this system the authority of the liberal state will be in a position to ensure the progress of the individuals.

In precise term liberalism implies what is granted in the forms of rights and privileges to one shall also be granted to others. Liberal state presupposes the existence of many groups and organisations and the characteristic feature of a liberal state is they are engaged in cooperation and conflict among themselves.

There are also many interest groups. Under normal and peaceful conditions liberal state does not normally intend to impose restrictions upon their activities.

In an authoritarian state the prevalence of such a situation cannot be imagined. Plurality of ideas and organisations is a forbidden fruit in such a state.The essential characteristic of the liberal theory of the state is the doctrine of jurisdiction.

That is, the idea that there is such a thing as a limited area of power and authority for the state — a delimitation of its proper sphere, beyond which, it is improper for the state to trespass. In the United States, liberals are referred to as the left or left-wing and conservatives are referred to as the right or right-wing.

On the U.S. political map, blue represents the Democratic Party (which generally upholds liberal principles) and red represents the Republican . Meaning and Definition of Liberal State: Whether the theory is liberal or conservative that is not our prime concern, concern is if the state is liberal —to what extent and in which fashion the state adopts liberal methods and processes for the administration and enactment of laws.

give a contrasting view of the advancement of a modern liberal nation. “Don Juan Tenorio” outlines a view that is the status quo – a Spanish society that is not interested in modernisation, rather a marginalisation of women and not recognising equal rights. The essential characteristic of the liberal theory of the state is the doctrine of jurisdiction.

That is, the idea that there is such a thing as a limited area of power and authority for the state — a delimitation of its proper sphere, beyond which, it is improper for the state to trespass. A liberal state can easily be distinguished from an authoritarian or totalitarian state and this is because of certain unique features of such a state: 1.

A liberal state always adopts a .

Theory of Liberal State: Definition, Features and Development