After reading the case study I found that Steve jobs is a transformational leader because he always comes with a new idea and effectively motivates his subordinates to reach his plan or goal.
Fayol presented work specialization as the best way to use the human resources of the organization. The concepts of Authority and responsibility are closely related. Authority was defined by Fayol as the right to give orders and the power to exact obedience.
Responsibility involves being accountable, and is therefore naturally associated with authority. Whoever assumes authority also assumes responsibility. A successful organization requires the common effort of workers. Penalties should be applied judiciously to encourage this common effort.
Workers should receive orders from only one manager. The entire organization should be moving towards a common objective in a common direction. The interests of one person should not take priority over the interests of the organization as a whole.
Fayol defined centralization as lowering the importance of the subordinate role. Decentralization is increasing the importance. The degree to which centralization or decentralization should be adopted depends on the specific organization in which the manager is working.
Managers in hierarchies are part of a chain like authority scale. Each manager, from the first line supervisor to the president, possess certain amounts of authority. The President possesses the most authority; the first line supervisor the least.
Lower level managers should always keep upper level managers informed of their work activities. The existence of a scalar chain and adherence to it are necessary if the organization is to be successful.
For the sake of efficiency and coordination, all materials and people related to a specific kind of work should be treated as equally as possible. All employees should be treated as equally as possible. Retaining productive employees should always be a high priority of management.
Recruitment and Selection Costs, as well as increased product-reject rates are usually associated with hiring new workers. Management should take steps to encourage worker initiative, which is defined as new or additional work activity undertaken through self direction.
Management should encourage harmony and general good feelings among employees.Earn an EdD in Education online at Drexel University. Learn more about career outlook and job opportunities, salary expectations, program features, and more.
Request more information to start earning your Doctorate Degree in Educational Leadership and Management and apply today! Time Management. Time is something that you can lose and never get back.
People are always wishing they had more hours available in the day. The solution to this common problem is .
A Goals Essay connects past, present and future i.e. your past work- experience (past), your goals, (future), and the need of an MBA from a particular school to achieve your goals (present). Management and leadership across cultures The international nature of the hospitality and tourism industry requires managers of the future to be aware of many different issues relating to leading people.
Essay The Leadership and Management Development Program.
generic pharmaceuticals with commercials markets in the USA, Europe and Asia. The company is expanding into emerging markets and to sustain its rapid growth the organisation has recognised the need for strong leadership and management. The paper will explain key terms in management and leadership; in addition will describe the roles played by the organization managers and leaders in maintaining a healthy organization culture.
We will analyze NIKE as an example to illustrate its management and leadership.