Thursday, 27 September, Figures show that year-old girls are twice as likely to smoke as their male peers.
Among these, the biggest killer is heart disease: Studies also show an increased risk of death from stroke, aneurysms, high blood pressure, and other cardiovascular illnesses.
The CDC says people who smoke increase their risk of death from bronchitis and emphysema by nearly 10 times. Research indicates this can prevent the baby from getting the oxygen and nutrients it needs to grow -- potentially leading to fetal injury, premature birth, or low birth weight.
According to the American Lung Association, smoking during pregnancy accounts for an estimated 20 to 30 percent of low birthweight babies, up to 14 percent of premature deliveries, and about 10 percent of all infant deaths.
A mother who smokes can also pass nicotine to her baby through her breast milk. The American Heart Association last fall released The risks in smoking seven-year study showing that never-smoking spouses of smokers have more than a 20 percent greater chance of death from coronary heart disease than those who have never smoked who live with non-smokers.
That study gave more impetus to the drive to make workplaces and other public areas smoke-free. The effects of smoking are hard on the children of smokers as well, the studies say. Claude Hanet of the St. Luc University Hospital in Brussels, Belgium, said earlier this year that a baby born to a smoking mother "should be considered an ex-smoker.
And a University of Birmingham, England, study, published in the British Journal of Cancer showed a possible link between fathers who smoked and an increased incidence of cancers in their children, while studies in the U.
But President Clinton declared nicotine an addictive drug last August. Scott Harshbarger, the Massachusetts attorney general and president of the National Association of Attorneys General, told reporters that the Liggett deal "will produce information that indicates major tobacco companies were fully aware that the product they were selling is addictive, that the product they were selling had great impact on public health.
For them, nicotine remains what they call a harmless flavor enhancement. Despite the weight of the data about the ills of tobacco smoke, research also shows some occasional benefit from smoking.
And while smoking may be a cause of dementia, it also could be sharpening the mind. University of California-San Diego researchers presented a study to the Society for Neuroscience earlier this year showing that smoking cigarettes sharpens short-term learning and memory among young people.
Stroke risk is high for up to 20 years after a smoker quits, according to that study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.
What is the human toll of smoking? Number of deaths per year attributed to tobacco in the United States: Number of deaths per hour: Number of deaths due to: Risk for a smoker dying of lung cancer, compared to a never-smoker: Percentage of United States adults who smoked in Marketing and promotional budget of tobacco companies, Number of cigarette advertisements this money bought that mention addiction, habituation, dependence or the difficulty most smokers experience in quitting: Revenues of the U.
Percentage of adult smokers who had tried cigarettes by 18th birthday: Percentage of smokers age 12 to 17, according to a Gallup poll, who want to quit: Percentage of NCAA baseball athletes who use "smokeless tobacco": Smoking is a greater cause of death and disability that any single disease, says the World Health Organisation.
According to their figures, it is responsible for approximately 3. Tobacco smoking is a known or probable cause of approximately 25 diseases, and even the WHO says that its impact on world health is not fully assessed.
Heart attack and stroke UK studies show that smokers in their 30s and 40s are five times more likely to have a heart attack than non-smokers. Tobacco contributes to the hardening of the arteries, which can then become blocked and starve the heart of bloodflow, causing the attack.
Often, smokers who develop this will require complex and risky heart bypass surgery. Smoking also increases the risk of having a stroke. Lung problems Another primary health risk associated with smoking are lung cancer, which kills more than 20, people in the UK every year.
US studies have shown that men who smoke increase their chances of dying from the disease by more than 22 times.What if you didn’t smoke cigarettes, but you used snus instead?
Would you be better off? Snus -- pronounced "snoose," like “loose” -- is a smokeless, moist powder tobacco pouch from Sweden. A study published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine found that women who smoke during pregnancy increase their baby's risk of asthma.
More importantly, they found. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States today and the leading cause of death among smokers. And, on a global level, researchers report that there were 1,, premature deaths from cardiovascular disease among smokers in the year To see how smoking affects the body, click on the body parts.
To see a text only version of the image and description go to Smoking Effects Health Effects of Smoking.
While both of these smoking-related diseases do claim a lot of lives, it is heart disease that that holds the top slot in the list of diseases that kill smokers. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States today . E-cigarettes pose health risks to young people: nicotine addiction, harm to brain development (mood disorders, poor impulse control), and chemicals that harm respiratory health are among the significant, but avoidable health effects.